Berlin is the capital and the largest city in Germany, the second most populous city after London and the fifth largest city in the EU.
The city is located in the east of Germany, 70 kilometers from the border with Poland.
The population of Berlin in 2014 was 3,469,849 people.
Berlin is a major economic and financial center not only of Germany, but also of the EU as a whole, the city is a major transport hub. The city is served by two airports - Tegel and located outside the city in the federal state of Brandenburg Schönefeld Airport.
The city has preserved certain features of medieval buildings. In the 18-19 centuries. square areas were created, for example, the Gendarmenmarkt, the wide streets - Unter den Linden, the grand ensembles and baroque buildings. From the old buildings in Berlin preserved the Church of St. Mary, the Berlin Cathedral, the Opera House, the Brandenburg Gate, the Red Town Hall, the Reichstag, the Bellevue Palace.
Visiting card of Berlin, of course, are the world-famous Brandenburg Gate and the Victory Column, but in addition to them, Berlin also has another bright symbol, expressing the openness and tolerance of the German capital - the Berlin bear.
In the west and south-east of the city there are extensive forest tracts. Almost every street in the city is decorated with trees, you can say that Berlin is Germany's most green metropolis. In Berlin there are more than 2500 parks, parks and recreation areas. In the center of the city is the Tiergarten park. It is the oldest and largest park in Berlin for more than 500 years.
Berlin is a real city of museums. Their history is closely intertwined with the history of Germany and its division into two parts. In modern Berlin, several museum centers. First of all, it is the Museums Island in the East, located north of the university and Unter den Linden and including the Bode Museum, the Old National Gallery and the Pergamon Museum. The Cultural Forum in the West is the richest collection of European painting and other works of art. Other museum centers - the Egyptian Museum and the Museums of Dalem, the Ethnological Museum, the Art Museum of India are located in Dahlem. The Museum Island preserved the cultural values of pre-war Berlin.