Status: second city at Greece Population: 1 104 460 (2011) Language: Greece Currency: EURO Time zone: +3 GMT winter: +2GMT Web check in: not available
Thessaloniki is the second largest city in Greece with a population, together with suburban areas, more than 1,104,460 people (2011). According to legend, the city was founded by the Macedonian king Cassander and named in honor of his wife Thessalonica, half-sister of Alexander the Great and daughter of the Macedonian king Philip II, the Thessalian princess.
In Thessaloniki are located: the University of Aristotle - the largest university in the Balkans, the airport of Macedonia and a major seaport, in terms of its economic importance, ranking second after Piraeus. In the vicinity of the city a large number of small settlements that are a summer tourist destination.
The climate in Thessaloniki is Mediterranean, the best time to relax in Thessaloniki is from March to November.
The international airport "Macedonia" is located 12 km to the south of the city. The cost of a taxi ride from the airport to the city starts from 25 EUR, on the road about half an hour.
Thessaloniki is rich in monuments of early Christian and Byzantine architecture, which are inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. These include:
- Basilica of St. Demetrios
- Triumphal Arch of the Emperor Galerius late Roman church of St. George - St. George's Rotunda
This is one of the oldest buildings in the city, they are parts of the palace or the funeral complex of the Emperor Galerius. Mosaics of the end of the IV century remained in the rotunda.
- The Church of St. Sophia - the most preserved in the world temple complex of iconoclastic time, built between 690 and 730 years;
- Church of the Holy Apostles - The basilica of Ahiropionos is one of the oldest surviving early Christian basils (the middle of the 5th century).
- The Church of St. Panteleimon is a cross-shaped one-nave church, dating back to the beginning of the Paleologic era (13th century).
- The monastery of Latom with the preserved church of St. David built at the end of the 5th - beginning of the 6th centuries. - The Church of St. Nicholas Orfanos - the cathedral church of the not preserved monastery of Vlatad (the beginning of the XIV century). - The church "Panagia Halkeon" - the cross-domed church, dedicated to the Theotokos (the first half of the XI century).
Travel to Thessaloniki with Georgian Airways - our direct flights from Tbilisi will be performed starting from March 28, 2018.