Bologna (Bologna) - a city in the north of Italy, the oldest university center of Europe: Bologna University was founded in 1088. Bologna is often called the culinary capital of Italy.
"La grassa, la rossa, la dotta," Bologna aptly described the great Dante who studied here. "Oily, red, scholarly," the Italians repeat to him to this day. One of the oldest universities in the world, the red roofs of houses and the traditional for the Emilia-Romagna region, substantial and rather heavy meat food became the basis for this characteristic.
Dense food, a snack or sit with a cup of cappuccino can be at every step - the city fully justifies the title of gastronomic capital. Restaurants and cafes are mostly located in the historical center. Most of the establishments are trattorias and osteria (wine bars). You can eat here from 6-10 euros, lunch in the restaurant will cost 20 - 30 euros per person.
The center of the city for a long time are adjacent and located at an angle to each other area. On one of them - Piazza Nettuno - the square of Neptune, from the 16th century the Neptune fountain of the sculptor Jambolonya stands. Another area - Piazza Maggiore (Piazza Maggiore) - is simply called the Great Square.
The climate of Bologna is close to the subtropical wet, differs from the dominant south of the typical Mediterranean climate by the uniformity of precipitation throughout the year. Winters in Bologna are soft, sometimes snow falls, but rarely falls.
By the beginning of the 20th century, Bologna still retained the color of the medieval city: it is surrounded by a brick wall, 6 km in circumference, with 12 gates, the city streets are mostly close and crooked, along many of them stretch porticos and arcades, old times - churches, palaces and palazzo - almost all belong to the XIII and XIV centuries with their inevitable towers, crenellated walls, etc., all painted gray or reddish, covered with cracks and crevasses.
The growth of Bologna as a major railway hub of the Italian Kingdom prompted the municipality in 1881 to draw up a plan for the development and expansion of the city, and the same idea for the development of the city as for the Ottomanization of Paris was adopted as a basis. The city walls were partially destroyed in 1903-1906, new wide streets were cut through - Independence Street (via Indipendenza, completed in 1890), modern streets of Farini and Garibaldi.
In Bologna is the airport of Guglielmo Marconi, named after Marconi. The airport was reconstructed in 2004, the runway was enlarged so that the airport could take large aircraft.